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XCX Glossary

A

aggressive
Boldly attacking as if on purpose
amphibians
A vertebrate that lives on land and water - frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, etc.

C

camouflage
Colored in a way that helps something blend into its surroundings
carnivorous
An animal that eats other animals
cold blooded
Animals which are unable to adjust their body temperatures to adjust to the surrounding environment
columella
A small bone which helps certain animals to hear

D

defensive stance
An act that an animal takes on when threatened to make themselves look threatening
digested
To convert food to energy within the body

E

environment
The area around where something lives

G

glands
A special organ of the body that gives off chemicals to perform a job of the body
grooved
A narrow cut or channel in a surface

H

herpetologist
A scientist who studies amphibians and reptiles
hollow
Having an interior that is empty

I

indigenous
Native to that area
inject
To pierce the skin and force into the body

M

mammals
Animals with hair or fur which care for their young
mechanism
The arrangements of the parts in order for them to perform a function

O

offspring
Children or young

P

periodically
Sometimes or once in a while - perhaps on a schedule
pit vipers
A type of snake which has a pit near the eyes for detecting temperature of prey or enemies
poison
Any substance that harms the body or causes death - see venom
poisonous
Related to poison
prey
Food caught by a hunting animal

R

regulate
To change as needed
reptiles
Vertebrate animals that are cold blooded and covered with scales - crocodiles, alligators, snakes, dinosaurs, turtles
ribcage
The rib bones

S

salmonella
A serious disease carried by reptiles and amphibians
scales
Thin, flat plates that cover reptiles
scaley
Having scales
sensory
Related to the senses
specialized
For a special purpose
structured
Built or organized

V

venom
Any substance that harms the body or causes death - see poison
venomous
Related to venom
vertebrates
Animals with backbones and skeletons
vibrations
A movement that is up and down or back and forth rather quickly

W

warm blooded
Animals which are able to adjust their body temperatures to adjust to the surrounding environment

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