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Bears Migration Glossary

A

adaptation
a physical characteristic that helps an animal use its habitat more efficiently
annulation
the appearance of growth rings in a tooth that is used to determine age

B

biologist
a person who studies living organisms and their relationship to one another
boar
a male bear
broadleaved
a plant which bears broad leaves rather than needles

C

carnivore
an animal that eats meat
carrion
the bodies of dead animals, usually found in nature in the process of decay.
carrying capacity
the number of animals of a given type which can be supported in a given area by enough food an shelter
color phases
blond, tan, brown, cinnamon and black. Various shades of brown, black, white (kermode), and blue (glacier)
conservation
the use of natural resources in a way that assures their continuing availability to future generations
conserve
not to waste
cub
a young bear

D

denning
when an animal heads for its den
dexterous
done with skill
dominance
rule and control

E

endangered bear
any bear population threatened with extinction.
estrus
the period of time when the female will accept the male for breeding

F

ferocious
fierce
fish and game department
the agency responsible for wildlife management
forbs
in wildlife usage, weeds and herbs

G

game animal
legal name for animals which may be managed and hunted only under regulation
garbage bear
a bear that lives close to humans and occasionally feeds on garbage

H

habitat
the arrangement of food, water, shelter and space suitable to animals' needs
herbivore
an animal which eats only plants
hibernation
a state of some animals that occurs when they slow their metabolism, body temperature, and breathing rates to low levels during winter months to help conserve energy
home range
the area in which an animal travels in the scope of normal activities to meet its needs

I

interdependence
the interrelationships of wildlife with one another and with the various elements of their environment

M

metabolize
through a chemical process of the body
multi-chambered
a body organ that has more than one room or space

N

nutrition
the process by which a body uses food

O

omnivore
an animal which eats both plant and animal matter
osteoporosis
a disease of the bones which makes them weak

P

predation
the act of one animal killing another animal for food
predator
an animal that kills for its food
prehensile
the ability to use body parts like a hand to grasp things

R

respiration
the act of breathing

S

sow
a female bear

T

topographic
the hills and valleys of an area
tranquilize
something that makes the body tranquil or calm, sometimes a medication

U

Ursus Americanus
the American black bear

V

vocalizations
sound created with the throat and mouth

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