Wildlife

Management

March 15, 2005

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Glossary of Terms from the US Fish and Wildlife Service http://training.fws.gov/deo/endang/gloss.html

AQUATIC HABITAT an animal's address that is mainly in water
BIODIVERSITY the numbers and types, or varieties, of different plants and animals that live in an ecosystem
CARRYING CAPACITY the number of animals an area of land or water can support over time with enough food, water, shelter and space
COMMUNITY the region occupied by a group of interacting organisms
ECOSYSTEM

a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment

ENDANGERED ANIMAL an animal that is in danger of becoming extinct. One of the reasons an animal might become extinct is if there is not enough habitat available to support all members of the population. When the habitat vanishes, and all members of the population die, then the species is considered extinct.
EXTINCT having no living members of the species or family anywhere on earth
GAME WILDLIFE animals which are normally hunted, fished, or trapped
HABITAT

oceanany place on the earth that contains everything an animal needsto survive and reproduce, such as food, air, water, shelter, rainfall, temperature, soil type. Forests, deserts,oceans, and wetlands are different types of habitats.

MARSH an environment where terrestrial and aquatic habitats overlap; a wetland containing fresh water and aquatic plants
NICHE the job or role of an organism in its community.
It includes such things as where and how it gathers food; its role in the food chain; what it gives and does for the community; its habits, periods of activity. Plants and animals have special roles in making natural communities work and stay healthy.
NON-GAME WILDLIFE animals which are not normally hunted, fished, or trapped. Idaho has 502 species non-games species including songbirds, waterbirds, raptors, small mammals, reptiles and amphibians, and threatened and endangered wildlife.
PREDATOR an animal that lives by capturing, killing and eating other animals for food
PREY an animal that is killed and eaten by another animal
TERRESTRIAL HABITAT an animal's address that is mainly on land
WETLAND a marsh, or swamp, where the soil is near the surface and is covered with water. It can be home to certain types of wildlife.
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