Teeth   Feb 19, 2008   2:00/1:00 MT/PT
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Teeth Glossary

Approximate

More or less exact (often symbolized using “~”).

Bicuspid A tooth that has two points on top of it.
Bone The hard dense tissue that holds teeth in place in the jaw.
Canine The “stabbing" teeth located between the incisors and the premolars.
Carnivore An animal that eats mostly animals (meat). They have a large mouth with sharp pointed teeth that allow them to grasp their prey and tear off large chunks of flesh, which is swallowed whole rather than ground or chewed first.
Carnassial teeth The large teeth found in all carnivores.
Cavity A hole or pit in a tooth.
Cementum The part of the tooth covers the root of your mouth and helps attach your tooth to the jaw bone.
Characteristics A distinguishing attribute, element, or trait.
Classification The grouping of all organisms into categories based on shared
characteristics or traits.
Crown The top part of a tooth.
Cuspids A projection (bump) on the chewing surface of a tooth (e.g. “bicuspid” means “tooth with two cusps”).
Dentin The second layer of a tooth. The dentin supports the enamel in your teeth.
Dentist A doctor who specializes in the care and treatment of diseases of the mouth and teeth.
Dentition The type, number, and arrangement of teeth, especially in animals.
Diet An animal’s usual food and drink.
Enamel The hard material that makes up the outer surface of a tooth.
Equal Of the same quantity, size, number, value, degree, intensity, or quality.
Fluoride A chemical element that prevents tooth decay. It is often added to toothpastes and the water supply.
Function Assigned duty or activity.
Habitat The environment in which an organism or biological population usually lives or grows.
Herbivore An animal that eats mostly plants. The proper diet for an herbivore consists of plants, algae, and fruits.
Heterodonts This means that mammals' teeth are different and used for many purposes.
Hypothesis An explanation for a set of facts that can be tested by further investigation.
Incisor A cutting tooth at the front of the mouth used mostly for the initial biting of food.
Molar A tooth with a broad crown for grinding food, situated behind the premolars at the back of the mouth.
Insectivores An animal that has teeth that are square with sharp points which are perfect for tearing up insect bodies.
Nutrition The process by which a living organism processes food and uses it for growth and tissue replacement.
Omnivore An animal that eats both plants and animals. Their teeth and digestive tract possesses some of the traits of both the carnivore and the herbivore.
Plaque A sticky substance that builds up on the surface of a tooth.
Premolar One of the bicuspid teeth located on both sides of the upper and lower jaws, located behind the canine teeth and in front of the molars.
Pulp This is the soft tissue that contains the blood, vessels and nerves. It is in the middle of your tooth.
Root The part of a tooth that is connected to the jaw and serves as support.
Skull The framework of the head of vertebrates, made up of the bones of the brain case and face.
Structure

The manner in which parts are arranged or combined to form a whole.

Tartar A hard, chalky substance that builds up on the surface of a tooth.
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