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HUMPBACK WHALES
By Ana Reinhardt
University of Idaho
GRADES K-3

ITV Series: "Life and Times of the Humpback Whale"AN03590_.WMF (11526 bytes)

Overview
Students will learn the names of a Humpback Whales exterior body parts, including pectoral fins and fluke. With guidance from the show, students will also learn how to draw a Humpback whale and be able to label body parts on their drawings.


Learning Objectives

  • Students will be able to identify the exterior body parts of the Humpback Whale.
  • Students will be able to draw it and correctly label the exterior body parts of the whale on their drawing.

Materials

  • Classroom set of "Ibis: A True Whale Story" by John Himmelman
  • A blank diagram of a Humpback Whale(1 per student)
  • Pencils
  • Blank paper
  • Tracing paper
  • Stapler(1 per group)
  • Scissors(1 per group)
  • Recycled newspaper
  • ITV Video Life and Times of the Humpback Whale

Pre-viewing Activities (5-7 minutes)

Have students look at the picture of the Humpback whale on the cover of "Ibis: A True Whale Story" by John Himmelman.  Encourage students to name the body parts like eyes, head, and tail. Ask them if they know what the scientific names of those body parts are. Solicit answers.

Focus for Viewing

To give students a specific responsibility while viewing; students will watch for and listen for the narrator naming and describing the whales body parts. When the video is paused, students are to identify and point to that body part on their picture. Students are to write the names of the body part on their diagram.

Viewing Activities  (20 Minutes)

On the board write the words "Humpback Whale." Note: if tape is rewound, fast forward until counter displays 16:48.
Play the video and write on board: Baby humpback is 14 ft. long.
Pause after rostrum is pointed out and defined (18:44 sec). Ask the students to label the rostrum on their diagram.
Resume the video and pause after tubercles are pointed out and defined (19:24 sec). Ask the students to label the tubercles on their diagram.
Resume the video and pause after ventricle pleasts are pointed out and defined (19:55 sec). Ask the students to label the ventricle pleats on their diagram.
Resume the video and pause after ear is pointed out and defined (20:19 sec). Resume the video and pause after the blow holes are pointed out and defined (20:44 sec).
Resume the video and pause after fluke is pointed out and defined (21:56 sec).
Resume the video and stop at 25:59 Sec.
Hand out the drawing materials!
Resume the video and stop when narrator is done drawing (29:33 sec.)

NA01678_.WMF (2760 bytes)

Post Viewing Activity (25 Minutes)

Have the students get into pairs. They will measure two pieces of tracing paper that are approximately two feet long. They will use their small drawings as a guide to draw a baby whale on their tracing paper. Once they have one outline of their whale, they staple it to the second sheet of tracing paper. This makes the front and back of the whale with only one drawing. Students will cut out along the drawing line of their whale. After the whale is cut out they will staple both pieces of paper at the very top of the whale (leaving the bottom open.) Students will then stuff their whales with recycled newspaper and staple it shut. Whales are to be displayed or hung around the classroom.

Extensions

  • Remind children that whales can communicate with one another by making sounds called phonation. Play "Songs of the Humpback Whale" (Capitol, 1979) and invite them to listen to recording of whale sounds and imagine what the whales are "saying" to one another.
  • Making up teams of large sizes, students can link and form wave movements (chain reaction) as if they were Humpback whales. This is a flexibility exercise.
  • Have children of average height hold his/her arm outstretched so children can see the distance from fingertips to fingertips. Ask students how many children with arms outstretched they think it would take to equal the length of a humpback whale (approximately 70 ft.)
  • Neat web site about whales:
    earthtrust.org/wlcurric/whales.html
  • For additional lesson plans and ideas relating to this topic and many others try TeacherSource!   You will find activities, lesson plans, teacher guides and links to other great educational web sites!  Search the database by keyword, grade level or subject area! 
  • Mathline and Scienceline are also great resources for teachers seeking teaching tips, lesson plans, assessment methods, professional development, and much more!  Look for a localized version of Mathline and Scienceline on IdahoPTV next year!

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