The Five Food Groups
by Rainee Schafer
Boise State University
Grade: Pre-school / Kindergarten
Time Allotment: 5
- 10 to 15 minute lessons
Subject Matter: Health,
Nutrition and Food Groups
Children will learn about the five food groups
as well as the specific foods found in each of these groups.
Students will be able to:
- Name the five food groups. These groups include: Grain / Bread group, Protein / Meat group, Dairy / Milk group, Fruit groups, Vegetable group
- To name two specific foods found in each of the five food
- Select a healthy snack from one of the five food groups.
769 of the Boise School District:
Healthy Life Styles
Students will be able to:
- Acquire the skills that lead to a healthy life.
- To differentiate between healthly and unhealthy foods...
Media Components :
Episode # 111 "Best Behavior"
Segment: "Off to School"
Section where Caillou and Sarah sit down for lunch..
- Picture of your favorite food.
- Paper, crayons, markers, construction paper, scissors, glues
and craft items.
- Food Pyramid with food for each category
- Caillou's Lunchtime Flash Cards
- Food Pyramid Graph
- Food Group Memory Game. Enough for your class in groups of
- Parent Volunteers or Teacher Aids for Lesson 4 & 5.
- Fruit (apples, bananas, and nectarines) Yogurt, Celery,
Peanut Butter, and Raisins.
- Several Picture Books discussing the five food groups and/or
For this Lesson I used the following;
- The Healthkin Food Train
By: Jane Belk Moncure
- What's On My Plate?
By: Ruth Belov Gross
- What Food Is This?
By: Rosmarie Hausherr
Prep For Teachers
Inform science teachers of the lesson, so that they will
be prepared if students approach them with questions.
- Put together manipulatives from the four teacher's pattern
pages. These include the food pyramid, the food pyramid graph, the
food group memory game, and Caillou's Lunchtime flash cards.
- Gather picture books discussing the five food groups.
- Locate and prep the Caillou video.
- Create a picture of your favorite food.
"My Favorite Food"
- Share with the children a picture of your favorite food.
This picture should be in the form of a drawing or craft made out
of paper. Do not show the children a photograph of your favorite
- Ask the children what their favorite food is.
- Allow those children who wish to share, tell the group
about their favorite food.
- Ask the children to go create a picture of their favorite
- Allow students approximately 10 to 15 minutes to create
a picture of their food. If children need more time allow for them
to finish up the activity while those children who are finished transition
to the next activity.
The Five Food Groups
- Have the children sit on the floor for group
- Tell the children "this week we will be talking
about food groups." Explain how each type of food we eat belongs to
a specific group. It is important that we eat food out of each of these
groups every day.
- Read the children the book entitled The Healthkin
- Show the children a picture of the food pyramid.
Name each of the five food groups and explain three types of food that
belong in each of these groups
What is in Caillou's Lunch?
- Using the Lunchtime flash cards created before
the lesson, ask the children what each picture is.
- FOCUS FOR MEDIA INTERACTION, by telling
the Children…"We are going to watch a video to see what our friends
Caillou and Sarah are having for lunch. I want you to listen to
the video and see if you can remember something that is in their
- The video should be prepped and ready to play.
PLAY video to the end of the lunch scene. REWIND the tape to
the beginning of this section and have the students listen to it again.
STOP the tape at the end of the lunch scene and turn off the
- Ask the children if they remember one of the
items mentioned in Caillou's and Sarah's lunch. As each item is mentioned
have the student who mentioned the food come up and hold the lunch
flash card so that the rest of the class can see it. Ask the class
if the item listed was in Caillou's lunch or Sarah's lunch. Separate
the items into two groups, the items found in Caillou's lunch and
the items found in Sarah's lunch.
- Ask the children if they know what food group
each item belongs in? Go through each lunch item and talk about where
it belongs in the food pyramid.
- Have the students play the Food Group Memory
- Have the class divide into groups of two to
- Have children place the food group memory game
cards face down on the table/floor, arranging them so they form a
- One at a time, have a child flip two cards over.
If they match the child should name the food group those items belong
to, pick up the cards and keep them, then they are able to take another
turn. If they do not match the child should flip the cards face down
and allow the next person to go.
- The students play until all the cards are matched
What's on My Plate?
- Read the book, What's on My Plate?,
aloud to the children.
- Have the children share what their favorite
food is using the pictures they created in lesson one.
- As a class, decide on which food group each
student's favorite food best fits under, using the food group graph.
Allow the child to paste/tape/attach their food under the appropriate
column. Include a "mixed" column for those foods that have multiple
- Have the students count each column to see which
food group is preferred by the class. Talk about the different options
that are available for snacks in each the food groups.
The Grocery Store Field Trip: Community Connections
- Students will go on a field trip to their local
grocery store. Here they will be able to tour each section of the
grocery store. Point out how each food group has a specific location
in the store. Have the student's note where the fruit and vegetable
section, the meat section, the dairy section, and the grain section
- Arrange the field trip with the owner or manager
of the store so that they can give the students a "behind the scenes" look
at how the store works. For example, this could include a tour of
the bay where employees unload the grocery trucks.
Making a healthy Snack:
- Have the students get into groups of four. Divide
these groups up among the volunteers and helper in your class. Have
children prepare a fruit salad, using fruit and yogurt and "ants
on a log," using celery, peanut butter, and raisins. Have the volunteer's
question the children about which groups each food belongs too.
- Children graph and count favorite food.
- Children could pattern with fruit and veggie
- Store items could be set out in the dramatic
- Children could learn about the painting method
used with still life portraits. They could paint their own still
life of fruits and veggies
- Children could practice writing letters and
naming foods with the beginning sound of each letter in the alphabet.
- Children could create a class book of their
favorite foods and where they fit within the five food groups.
- Have the students speak to environmental authorities
in the community for information regarding their environmental artwork.
- Invite an environmental artist into the class
for a short discussion and/or presentation of his/her work.
- Take a field trip to an environmental artwork.
- Have the students collaborate and develop a
proposal for an environmental artwork to be displayed on public property.
Then have the students determine who the proper authorities are and
submit the proposal to them.
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