Snake River Water Rights Act of 2004
Excerpted from Public Law 108-447


TITLE X--SNAKE RIVER WATER RIGHTS ACT OF 2004

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This title may be cited as the "Snake River Water Rights Act of 
2004".

SEC. 2. PURPOSES.

    The purposes of this Act are--
            (1) to resolve some of the largest outstanding issues with 
        respect to the Snake River Basin Adjudication in Idaho in such a 
        manner as to provide important benefits to the United States, 
        the State of Idaho, the Nez Perce Tribe, the allottees, and 
        citizens of the State;
            (2) to achieve a fair, equitable, and final settlement of 
        all claims of the Nez Perce Tribe, its members, and allottees 
        and the United States on behalf of the Tribe, its members, and 
        allottees to the water of the Snake River Basin within Idaho;
            (3) to authorize, ratify, and confirm the Agreement among 
        the parties submitted to the Snake River Basin Adjudication 
        Court and provide all parties with the benefits of the 
        Agreement;
            (4) to direct--
                    (A) the Secretary, acting through the Bureau of 
                Reclamation, the Bureau of Land Management, the Bureau 
                of Indian Affairs, and other agencies; and
                    (B) the heads of other Federal agencies authorized 
                to execute and perform actions necessary to carry out 
                the Agreement;
        	to perform all of their obligations under the Agreement and
			this Act; and
            (5) to authorize the actions and appropriations necessary 
        for the United States to meet the obligations of the United 
        States under the Agreement and this Act.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Agreement.--The term "Agreement" means the document 
        titled "Mediator's Term Sheet" dated April 20, 2004, and 
        submitted on that date to the SRBA Court in SRBA Consolidated 
        Subcase 03-10022 and SRBA Consolidated Subcase 67-13701, with 
        all appendices to the document.
            (2) Allottee.--The term "allottee" means a person that 
        holds a beneficial real property interest in an Indian allotment 
        that is--
                    (A) located within the Nez Perce Reservation; and
                    (B) held in trust by the United States.
            (3) Consumptive use reserved water right.--The term 
        "consumptive use reserved water right" means the Federal 
        reserved water right of 50,000 acre-feet per year, as described 
        in the Agreement, to be decreed to the United States in trust 
        for the Tribe and the allottees, with a priority date of 1855.
            (4) Parties.--The term "parties" means the United States, 
        the State, the Tribe, and any other entity or person that 
        submitted, or joined in the submission of, the Agreement to the 
        SRBA Court on April 20, 2004.
            (5) Secretary.--The term "Secretary" means the Secretary 
        of the Interior.
            (6) Snake river basin.--The term "Snake River Basin" means 
        the geographic area in the State described in paragraph 3 of the 
        Commencement Order issued by the SRBA Court on November 19, 
        1987.
            (7) Springs or fountains water right.--The term "springs or 
        fountains water right" means the Tribe's treaty right of access 
        to and use of water from springs or fountains on Federal public 
        land within the area ceded by the Tribe in the Treaty of June 9, 
        1863 (14 Stat. 647), as recognized under the Agreement.
            (8) SRBA.--The term "SRBA" means the Snake River Basin 
        Adjudication litigation before the SRBA Court styled as In re 
        Snake River Basin Adjudication, Case No. 39576.
            (9) SRBA court.--The term "SRBA Court" means the District 
        Court of the Fifth Judicial District of the State of Idaho, In 
        and For the County of Twin Falls in re Snake River Basin 
        Adjudication.
            (10) State.--The term "State" means the State of Idaho.
            (11) Tribe.--The term "Tribe" means the Nez Perce Tribe.

SEC. 4. APPROVAL, RATIFICATION, AND CONFIRMATION OF AGREEMENT.

    (a) In General.--Except to the extent that the Agreement conflicts 
with the express provisions of this Act, the Agreement is approved, 
ratified, and confirmed.
    (b) Execution and Performance.--The Secretary and the other heads of 
Federal agencies with obligations under the Agreement shall execute and 
perform all actions, consistent with this Act, that are necessary to 
carry out the Agreement.

SEC. 5. BUREAU OF RECLAMATION WATER USE.

    (a) In General.--As part of the overall implementation of the 
Agreement, the Secretary shall take such actions consistent with the 
Agreement, this Act, and water law of the State as are necessary to 
carry out the Snake River Flow Component of the Agreement.
    (b) Mitigation for Change of Use of Water.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
        be appropriated to the Secretary $2,000,000 for a 1-time payment 
        to local governments to mitigate for the change of use of water 
        acquired by the Bureau of Reclamation under section III.C.6 of 
        the Agreement.
            (2) Distribution of funds.--Funds made available under 
        paragraph (1) shall be distributed by the Secretary to local 
        governments in accordance with a plan provided to the Secretary 
        by the State.
            (3) Payments.--Payments by the Secretary shall be made on a 
        pro rata basis as water rights are acquired by the Bureau of 
        Reclamation.

SEC. 6. BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT LAND TRANSFER.

    (a) Transfer.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall transfer land selected 
        by the Tribe under paragraph (2) to the Bureau of Indian Affairs 
        to be held in trust for the Tribe.
            (2) Land selection.--The land transferred shall be selected 
        by the Tribe from a list of parcels of land managed by the 
        Bureau of Land Management that are available for transfer, as 
        depicted on the map entitled "North Idaho BLM Land Eligible for 
        Selection by the Nez Perce Tribe" dated May 2004, on file with 
        the Director of the Bureau of Land Management, not including any 
        parcel designated on the map as being on the Clearwater River or 
        Lolo Creek.
            (3) Maximum value.--The land selected by the Tribe for 
        transfer shall be limited to a maximum value in total of not 
        more than $7,000,000, as determined by an independent appraisal 
        of fair market value prepared in accordance with the Uniform 
        Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice and the Uniform
		Appraisal Standards for Federal Land Acquisitions.

    (b) Existing Rights and Uses.--
            (1) In general.--On any land selected by the Tribe under 
        subsection (a)(2), any use in existence on the date of transfer 
        under subsection (a) under a lease or permit with the Bureau of 
        Land Management, including grazing, shall remain in effect until 
        the date of expiration of the lease or permit, unless the holder 
        of the lease or permit requests an earlier termination of the 
        lease or permit, in which case the Secretary shall grant the 
        request.
            (2) Availability of amounts.--Amounts that accrue to the 
        United States under a lease or permit described in paragraph (1) 
        from sales, bonuses, royalties, and rentals relating to any land 
        transferred to the Tribe under this section shall be made 
        available to the Tribe by the Secretary in the same manner as 
        amounts received from other land held by the Secretary in trust 
        for the Tribe.

    (c) Date of Transfer.--No land shall be transferred to the Bureau of 
Indian Affairs to be held in trust for the Tribe under this section 
until the waivers and releases under section 10(a) take effect.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--There is authorized to be appropriated to 
        the Secretary $200,000 for 1-time payments to local governments 
        to mitigate for the transfer of land by the Bureau of Land 
        Management to the Tribe under section I.F of the Agreement.
            (2) Payments.--Payments under paragraph (1) shall be made on 
        a pro rata basis as parcels of land are acquired by the Tribe.

SEC. 7. WATER RIGHTS.

    (a) Holding in Trust.--
            (1) In general.--The consumptive use reserved water right 
        shall--
                    (A) be held in trust by the United States for the 
                benefit of the Tribe and allottees as set forth in this 
                section; and
                    (B) be subject to section 7 of the Act of February 
                8, 1887 (25 U.S.C. 381).
            (2) Springs or fountains water right.--The springs or 
        fountains water right of the Tribe shall be held in trust by the 
        United States for the benefit of the Tribe.
            (3) Allottees.--Allottees shall be entitled to a just and 
        equitable allocation of the consumptive use reserved water right 
        for irrigation purposes.

    (b) Water Code.--
            (1) Enactment of water code.--Not <> later 
        than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Tribe 
        shall enact a water code, subject to any applicable provision of 
        law, that--
                    (A) manages, regulates, and controls the consumptive 
                use reserved water right so as to allocate water for 
                irrigation, domestic, commercial, municipal, industrial, 
                cultural, or other uses; and
                    (B) includes, subject to approval of the Secretary--
                          (i) a due process system for the consideration 
                      and determination of any request by an allottee, 
                      or any successor in interest to an allottee, for 
                      an allocation of such water for irrigation 
                      purposes on allotted land, including a process for 
                      an appeal and adjudication of denied or disputed 
                      distribution of water and for resolution of 
                      contested administrative decisions; and
                          (ii) a process to protect the interests of 
                      allottees when entering into any lease under 
                      subsection (e).
            (2) Secretarial approval.--Any provision of the water code 
        and any amendments to the water code that affect the rights of 
        the allottees shall be subject to approval by the Secretary, and 
        no such provision or amendment shall be valid until approved by 
        the Secretary.
            (3) Interim administration.--The Secretary shall administer 
        the consumptive use reserved water right until such date as the 
        water code described in paragraph (2) has been enacted by the 
        Tribe and the Secretary has approved the relevant portions of 
        the water code.

    (c) Exhaustion of Remedies.--Before asserting any claim against the 
United States under section 7 of the Act of February 8, 1887 (25 U.S.C. 
381) or other applicable law, a claimant shall exhaust remedies 
available under the Tribe's water code and Tribal law.
    (d) Petition to the Secretary.--Following exhaustion of remedies in 
accordance with subsection (c), a claimant may petition the Secretary 
for relief.
    (e) Satisfaction of Claims.--
            (1) In general.--The water rights and other benefits granted 
        or confirmed by the Agreement and this Act shall be in full 
        satisfaction of all claims for water rights and injuries to 
        water rights of the allottees.
            (2) Satisfaction of entitlements.--Any entitlement to water 
        of any allottee under Federal law shall be satisfied out of the 
        consumptive use reserved water right.
            (3) Complete substitution.--The water rights, resources, and 
        other benefits provided by this Act are a complete substitution 
        for any rights that may have been held by, or any claims that 
        may have been asserted by, allottees within the exterior 
        boundaries of the Reservation before the date of enactment of 
        this Act.

    (f) Abandonment, Forfeiture, or Nonuse.--The consumptive use 
reserved water right and the springs or fountains water right shall not 
be subject to loss by abandonment, forfeiture, or nonuse.
    (g) Lease of Water.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the water code, the Tribe, 
        without further approval of the Secretary, may lease water to 
        which the Tribe is entitled under the consumptive use reserved 
        water right through any State water bank in the same manner and 
        subject to the same rules and requirements that govern any other 
        lessor of water to the water bank.
            (2) Funds.--Any funds accruing to the Tribe from any lease 
        under paragraph (1) shall be the property of the Tribe, and the 
        United States shall have no trust obligation or other obligation 
        to monitor, administer, or account for any consideration 
        received by the Tribe under any such lease.

SEC. 8. TRIBAL FUNDS.

    (a) Definition of Fund.--In this section, the term "Fund" means--
            (1) the Nez Perce Tribe Water and Fisheries Fund established 
        under subsection (b)(1); and
            (2) the Nez Perce Tribe Domestic Water Supply Fund 
        established under subsection (b)(2).

    (b) Establishment.--There are established in the Treasury of the 
United States--
            (1) a fund to be known as the "Nez Perce Tribe Water and 
        Fisheries Fund", to be used to pay or reimburse costs incurred 
        by the Tribe in acquiring land and water rights, restoring or 
        improving fish habitat, or for fish production, agricultural 
        development, cultural preservation, water resource development, 
        or fisheries-related projects; and
            (2) a fund to be known as the "Nez Perce Domestic Water 
        Supply Fund", to be used to pay the costs for design and 
        construction of water supply and sewer systems for tribal 
        communities, including a water quality testing laboratory.

    (c) Management of the Funds.--The Secretary shall manage the Funds, 
make investments from the Funds, and make amounts available from the 
Funds for distribution to the Tribe consistent with the American Indian 
Trust Fund Management Reform Act of 1994 (25 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), this 
Act, and the Agreement.
    (d) Investment of the Funds.--The Secretary shall invest amounts in 
the Funds in accordance with--
            (1) the Act of April 1, 1880 (25 U.S.C. 161; 21 Stat. 70, 
        chapter 41);
            (2) the first section of the Act of June 24, 1938 (25 U.S.C. 
        162a; 52 Stat. 1037, chapter 648); and
            (3) subsection (c).
    (e) Availability of Amounts From the Funds.--Amounts made available 
under subsection (h) shall be available for expenditure or withdrawal 
only after the waivers and releases under section 10(a) take effect.
    (f) Expenditures and Withdrawal.--
            (1) Tribal management plan.--
                    (A) In general.--The Tribe may withdraw all or part 
                of amounts in the Funds on approval by the Secretary of 
                a tribal management plan as described in the American 
                Indian Trust Fund Management Reform Act of 1994 (25 
                U.S.C. 4001 et seq.).
                    (B) Requirements.--In addition to the requirements 
                under the American Indian Trust Fund Management Reform 
                Act of 1994 (25 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.), the tribal 
                management plan shall require that the Tribe spend any 
                amounts withdrawn from the Funds in accordance with the 
                purposes described in subsection (b).
                    (C) Enforcement.--The Secretary may take judicial or 
                administrative action to enforce the provisions of any 
                tribal management plan to ensure that any amounts 
                withdrawn from the Funds under the plan are used in 
                accordance with this Act and the Agreement.
                    (D) Liability.--If the Tribe exercises the right to 
                withdraw amounts from the Funds, neither the Secretary 
                nor the Secretary of the Treasury shall retain any 
                liability for the expenditure or investment of the 
                amounts.
            (2) Expenditure plan.--
                    (A) In general.--The Tribe shall submit to the 
                Secretary for approval an expenditure plan for any 
                portion of the amounts made available under subsection 
                (h) that the Tribe does not withdraw under this 
                subsection.
                    (B) Description.--The expenditure plan shall 
                describe the manner in which, and the purposes for 
                which, amounts of the Tribe remaining in the Funds will 
                be used.
                    (C) Approval.--On receipt of an expenditure plan 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall approve the 
                plan if the Secretary determines that the plan is 
                reasonable and consistent with this Act and the 
                Agreement.
                    (D) Annual report.--For each Fund, the Tribe shall 
                submit to the Secretary an annual report that describes 
                all expenditures from the Fund during the year covered 
                by the report.

    (g) No Per Capita Payments.--No part of the principal of the Funds, 
or of the income accruing in the Funds, shall be distributed to any 
member of the Tribe on a per capita basis.
    (h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated--
            (1) to the Nez Perce Tribe Water and Fisheries Fund--
                    (A) for fiscal year 2007, $7,830,000;
                    (B) for fiscal year 2008, $4,730,000;
                    (C) for fiscal year 2009, $7,380,000;
                    (D) for fiscal year 2010, $10,080,000;
                    (E) for fiscal year 2011, $11,630,000;
                    (F) for fiscal year 2012, $9,450,000; and
                    (G) for fiscal year 2013, $9,000,000; and
            (2) to the Nez Perce Tribe Domestic Water Supply Fund--
                    (A) for fiscal year 2007, $5,100,000;
                    (B) for fiscal year 2008, $8,200,000;
                    (C) for fiscal year 2009, $5,550,000;
                    (D) for fiscal year 2010, $2,850,000; and
                    (E) for fiscal year 2011, $1,300,000.

SEC. 9. SALMON AND CLEARWATER RIVER BASINS HABITAT FUND.

    (a) Establishment of Fund.--
            (1) In general.--There is established in the Treasury of the 
        United States a fund to be known as the "Salmon and Clearwater 
        River Basins Habitat Fund" (referred to in this section as the 
        "Fund"), to be administered by the Secretary.
            (2) Accounts.--There is established within the Fund--
                    (A) an account to be known as the "Nez Perce Tribe 
                Salmon and Clearwater River Basins Habitat Account", 
                which shall be administered by the Secretary for use by 
                the Tribe subject to the same provisions for management, 
                investment, and expenditure as the funds established by 
                section 8; and
                    (B) an account to be known as the "Idaho Salmon and 
                Clearwater River Basins Habitat Account", which shall 
                be administered by the Secretary and provided to the 
                State as provided in the Agreement and this Act.

    (b) Use of the Fund.--
            (1) In general.--The Fund shall be used to supplement 
        amounts made available under any other law for habitat 
        protection and restoration in the Salmon and Clearwater River 
        Basins in Idaho, including projects and programs intended to protect 
        and restore listed fish and their habitat in those basins, as 
        specified in the Agreement and this Act.
            (2) Release of funds.--The Secretary shall release funds 
        from the Idaho Salmon and Clearwater River Basins Habitat 
        Account in accordance with section 6(d)(2) of the Endangered 
        Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1535(d)(2)).
            (3) No allocation requirement.--The use of the Fund shall 
        not be subject to the allocation procedures under section 
        6(d)(1) of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 
        1535(d)(1)).

    (c) Availability of Amounts in the Fund.--Amounts made available 
under subsection (d) shall be available for expenditure or withdrawal 
only after the waivers and releases under section 10(a) take effect.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated--
            (1) to the Nez Perce Tribe Salmon and Clearwater River 
        Basins Habitat Account, $2,533,334 for each of fiscal years 2007 
        through 2011; and
            (2) to the Idaho Salmon and Clearwater River Basins Habitat 
        Account, $5,066,666 for each of fiscal years 2007 through 2011.

SEC. 10. TRIBAL WAIVER AND RELEASE OF CLAIMS.

    (a) Waiver and Release of Claims in General.--
            (1) Claims to water rights; claims for injuries to water 
        rights or treaty rights.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        Act, the United States on behalf of the Tribe and the allottees, 
        and the Tribe, waive and release--
                    (A) all claims to water rights within the Snake 
                River Basin (as defined in section 3);
                    (B) all claims for injuries to such water rights; 
                and
                    (C) all claims for injuries to the treaty rights of 
                the Tribe to the extent that such injuries result or 
                resulted from flow modifications or reductions in the 
                quantity of water available that accrued at any time up 
                to and including the effective date of the settlement, 
                and any continuation thereafter of any such claims, 
                against the State, any agency or political subdivision 
                of the State, or any person, entity, corporation, 
                municipal corporation, or quasi-municipal corporation.
            (2) Claims based on reduced water quality or reductions in 
        water quantity.--The United States on behalf of the Tribe and 
        the allottees, and the Tribe, waive and release any claim, under 
        any treaty theory, based on reduced water quality resulting 
        directly from flow modifications or reductions in the quantity 
        of water available in the Snake River Basin against any party to 
        the Agreement.
            (3) No future assertion of claims.--No water right claim 
        that the Tribe or the allottees have asserted or may in the 
        future assert outside the Snake River Basin shall require water 
        to be supplied from the Snake River Basin to satisfy the claim.
            (4) Effect of waivers and releases.--The waivers and 
        releases by the United States and the Tribe under this 
        subsection--
                    (A) shall be permanent and enforceable; and
                    (B) shall survive any subsequent termination of any 
                component of the settlement described in the Agreement 
                or this Act.
            (5) Effective date.--The waivers and releases under this 
        subsection shall take effect on the date on which the Secretary 
        causes to be published in the Federal Register a statement of 
        findings that the actions set forth in section IV.L of the 
        Agreement--
                    (A) have been completed, including issuance of a 
                judgment and decree by the SRBA court from which no 
                further appeal may be taken; and
                    (B) have been determined by the United States on 
                behalf of the Tribe and the allottees, the Tribe, and 
                the State of Idaho to be consistent in all material 
                aspects with the Agreement.

    (b) Waiver and Release of Claims Against the United States.--
            (1) In general.--In consideration of performance by the 
        United States of all actions required by the Agreement and this 
        Act, including the appropriation of all funds authorized under 
        sections 8(h) and 9(d)(1), the Tribe shall execute a waiver and 
        release of the United States from--
                    (A) all claims for water rights within the Snake 
                River Basin, injuries to such water rights, or breach of 
                trust claims for failure to protect, acquire, or develop 
                such water rights that accrued at any time up to and 
                including the effective date determined under paragraph 
                (2);
                    (B) all claims for injuries to the Tribe's treaty 
                fishing rights, to the extent that such injuries result 
                or resulted from reductions in the quantity of water 
                available in the Snake River Basin;
                    (C) all claims of breach of trust for failure to 
                protect Nez Perce springs or fountains treaty rights 
                reserved in article VIII of the Treaty of June 9, 1863 
                (14 Stat. 651); and
                    (D) all claims of breach of trust arising out of the 
                negotiation of or resulting from the adoption of the 
                Agreement.
            (2) Effective date.--
                    (A) In general.--The waiver and release contained in 
                this subsection shall take effect on the date on which 
                the amounts authorized under sections 8(h) and 9(d)(1) 
                are appropriated.
                    (B) Periods of limitation; equitable claims.--
                          (i) In general.--All periods of limitation and 
                      time-based equitable defenses applicable to the 
                      claims set forth in paragraph (1) are tolled for 
                      the period between the date of enactment of this 
                      Act until the earlier of--
                                    (I) the date on which the amounts 
                                authorized under sections 8(h) and 
                                9(d)(1) are appropriated; or
                                    (II) October 1, 2017.
                          (ii) Effect of subparagraph.--This 
                      subparagraph neither revives any claim nor tolls 
                      any period of limitation or time-based equitable 
                      defense that may have expired before the date of 
                      enactment of this Act.
            (3) Defense.--The making of the amounts of appropriations 
        authorized under sections 8(h) and 9(d)(1) shall constitute a 
        complete defense to any claim pending in any court of the United 
        States on the date on which the appropriations are made.

    (c) Retention of Rights.--
            (1) In general.--The Tribe shall retain all rights not 
        specifically waived or released in the Agreement or this Act.
            (2) Dworshak project.--Nothing in the Agreement or this Act 
        constitutes a waiver by the Tribe of any claim against the 
        United States resulting from the construction and operation of 
        the Dworshak Project (Project PWI 05090), other than those 
        specified in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (b)(1).
            (3) Future acquisition of water rights.--Nothing in the 
        Agreement or this Act precludes the Tribe or allottees, or the 
        United States as trustee for the Tribe or allottees, from 
        purchasing or otherwise acquiring water rights in the future to 
        the same extent as any other entity in the State.

SEC. 11. MISCELLANEOUS.

    (a) General Disclaimer.--The parties expressly reserve all rights 
not specifically granted, recognized, or relinquished by the settlement 
described in the Agreement or this Act.
    (b) Disclaimer Regarding Other Agreements and Precedent.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to section 9(b)(3), nothing in this 
        Act amends, supersedes, or preempts any State law, Federal law, 
        Tribal law, or interstate compact that pertains to the Snake 
        River Basin.
            (2) No establishment of standard.--Nothing in this Act--
                    (A) establishes any standard for the quantification 
                of Federal reserved water rights or any other Indian 
                water claims of any other Indian tribes in any other 
                judicial or administrative proceeding; or
                    (B) limits the rights of the parties to litigate any 
                issue not resolved by the Agreement or this Act.
            (3) No admission against interest.--Nothing in this Act 
        constitutes an admission against interest against any party in 
        any legal proceeding.

    (c) Treaty Rights.--Nothing in the Agreement or this Act impairs the 
treaty fishing, hunting, pasturing, or gathering rights of the Tribe 
except to the extent expressly provided in the Agreement or this Act.
    (d) Other Claims.--Nothing in the Agreement or this Act quantifies 
or otherwise affects the water rights, claims, or entitlements to water, 
or any other treaty right, of any Indian tribe, band, or community other 
than the Tribe.
    (e) Recreation on Dworshak Reservoir.--
            (1) In general.--In implementing the provisions of the 
        Agreement and this Act relating to the use of water stored in 
        Dworshak Reservoir for flow augmentation purposes, the heads of 
        the Federal agencies involved in the operational Memorandum of 
        Agreement referred to in the Agreement shall implement a flow 
        augmentation plan beneficial to fish and consistent with the 
        Agreement.
            (2) Contents of plan.--The flow augmentation plan may 
        include provisions beneficial to recreational uses of the 
        reservoir through maintenance of the full level of the reservoir 
        for prolonged periods during the summer months.

    (f) Jurisdiction.--
            (1) No effect on subject matter jurisdiction.--Nothing in 
        the Agreement or this Act restricts, enlarges, or otherwise 
        determines the subject matter jurisdiction of any Federal, 
        State, or Tribal court.
            (2) Consent to jurisdiction.--The United States consents to 
        jurisdiction in a proper forum for purposes of enforcing the 
        provisions of the Agreement.
            (3) Effect of subsection.--Nothing in this subsection 
        confers jurisdiction on any State court to--
                    (A) enforce Federal environmental laws regarding the 
                duties of the United States; or
                    (B) conduct judicial review of Federal agency 
                action.