The energy store in food is measured in calories, which is the amount of heat at a pressure of one atmosphere to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius.
provide energy. Sugars and starches are sources of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates provide a great part of the energy in our diets.
A healthy diet provides all the nutrients we need in a day. The amount a child needs from each food group depends on age, gender and daily physical activity. Children who are very physically active, for example, need more than children who get little or no physical activity.
the process of breaking up food into smaller and smaller parts so that your body can use the nutrients that are in the food.
the system from your
store energy. Fats produce more than twice as much energy as carbohydrates. Fat is stored in the body for later use when carbohydrates are in short supply.
a food guidance system developed by the USDA that provides many options to help Americans make healthy food choices and to be active every day. The Food Pyramid was replaced in 2011 with MyPlate in order to make eating healthy more convenient and easier to manage.
the sweet, fleshy, seed-containing part of a tree or other plant used for food. Learn more about fruits at MyPlate.gov.
small, hard, dry seeds, with or without attached hulls or fruit layers, harvested for food. Learn more about grains at MyPlate.gov.
the parts of food that help build bones and teeth
a guidance system created by the Food and Drug Administration in 2011 that uses a plate as a tool to create healthy meals.
the necessary building blocks of various cell parts. These compounds include carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins and minerals. Read more
helps your body repair and grow. Besides the muscles, protein can be found almost anywhere in the body because it is used to make cells.
plants or plant parts, such as stems, leaves or roots, used as food. Learn more about vegetables at MyPlate.gov.