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# Simple Machines: Standards

## Language

## First Grade

#### CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.1.8

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

### Suggested Lesson

Select a simple machine group and then go on a treasure hunt to find as many common items as you can that fit that category. List them.

## Second Grade

#### CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.2.8

Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

## Third Grade

#### CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.8

Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories.

### Suggested Lesson

Use the following worksheet to predict how many simple machines are found in the classroom. Hunt for them and answer the worksheet questions. Click here.

Page 1 only for grade 2, both pages for grade 3.

## Third Grade

#### CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.3.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

### Suggested Lesson

Invent a gadget using one or more simple machines. Then write about the invention. Click here for a writing prompt and more details.

## Fifth Grade

#### CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.5.7

Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

### Suggested Lesson

Research the life of Leonardo da Vinci and write about one of his inventions.

## Math

## Kindergarten

#### CCSS.Math.Content.K.CC.B.4

Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.

### Suggested Lesson

Count the number of a given simple machine found in the pictures of a read aloud story. For example: How many wheels can we find in the book, **Wheels on The Bus**?

## First Grade

#### CCSS.Math.Content.1.MD.A.1

Order three objects by length; compare the lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object.

### Suggested Lesson

Lay out several levers. Compare their length and discuss how high an object could be lifted using each lever. Add a fulcrum and have the same discussion.

## Second Grade

#### CCSS.Math.Content.2.MD.A.1

Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes.

### Suggested Lesson

Measure the distance that a wheel travels in one turn. Calculate how many turns that wheel will make over a given distance.

## Fourth Grade

#### CCSS.Math.Content.4.G.A.1

Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in two-dimensional figures.

### Suggested Lesson

Using points, lines, segments, rays and angles, design a simple Rube Goldberg path using simple classroom objects such as string, pencils, rulers, books, etc.